Nutritional support during pregnancy
Optimal preconceptual nutrition supports successful conception, when it includes adequate amount of all of the required vitamins, minerals and energy-providing macronutrients. Supplementation during pregnancy should meet mother’s increased needs over routine daily intake.
- Provides needed Vitamins and minerals during pregnancy
- Supports fetal growth and development
- Stimulates energy production and immune health
Play an important role in the metabolic processes of all living cells by serving as coenzymes in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats to produce energy. Also the normal function and maintenance of the nervous system relies on the presence of the B-group vitamins for the production of hormones and neurotransmitters.
Vitamins B6; functions as a cofactor in approximately 50 decarboxylase and transaminase enzymes. Also it catalyses a number of reactions involving neurotransmitter production and haemoglobin formation. It can help relieve nausea or vomiting during pregnancy.
Vitamins B12; Cobalamin is required for enzyme reactions and for generation of methionin and tetrahydrofolate. Vegetarian are at greater risk for B12 deficiency. Inadequate amount of this vitamin during fetal brain development, affecting infant cognitive and motor development.
Biotin; also known as vitamin H, is needed for the proper growth and development of the fetus. Many pregnant women might be at risk of biotin defeciency, according to a December 2008 article in “The Journal of Nutrition. The body breaks down biotin more quickly during this period. Approximately 50 % of pregnant women excrete a particular compound (3-hydroxyisovaleric acid or 3-HIA). 3-HIA is excreted in the urine when biotin status is low. A recent study showed that supplementing pregnant women with biotin (300 mcg/day) reduced the excretion of 3-HIA, presumably improving their biotin status. Biotin deficiency tends to raise the risk of birth defects during pregnancy.
Ascorbic acid is involved in collagen synthesis and functions as an antioxidant. It Protects body against free radical damages and boosts immune system. It also enhances the intestinal absorption of non-haem iron.
It is essential for promoting the absorption and utilization of calcium and phosphorus and normal calcification of the skeleton. Vitamin D and its metabolites cross the placenta and appear in fetal blood in the same concentration as in maternal circulation. Vitamin D enhances immune function and brain development. Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy predispose to PET (pre-eclamptic toxemia), a hypertensive condition of pregnancy affecting up to 8% of pregnant women. Maternal Vitamin D deficiency is associated with neonatal hypocalcemia, which can manifest in inadequate fetal bone mineralization, hypoplasia of tooth enamel, or convulsions.
It is an important lipophilic antioxidant. Vitamin E requirement increases during pregnancy. Although deficiency in pregnancy is speculated to cause miscarriage and preterm birth.
Hormonal factors strongly influence calcium metabolism in pregnancy. Human chorionic somatomammotropin from the placenta, increases the rate of maternal bone turnover. Approximately 30 g of mother’s body calcium is accumulated during pregnancy, almost all of it in the fetal skeleton. The remainder is stored in the maternal skeleton, held in reserve for the calcium demand of lactation.
A zinc deficient diet dose not result in the effective mobilization of zinc stored in the maternal skeleton, therefore a compromised zinc status develops rapidly. Zinc deficiency is highly teratogenic and lead to congenital malformations, abnormal brain development in the fetus, and abnormal behavior in the new born. Low level zinc adversely affects Vitamin A status. Women with low plasma zinc concentration are at 2.5 times greater risk for delivering an infant weighing less than 2000 g.
It is a trace mineral, part of the thyroxine molecule with a critical role in the metabolism of macronutrients. Adequate gestational iodine is associated with a higher intelligence quotient in the child and attention deficit may be associated with milder iodine deficiency. In instances in which preconception iodine intake cannot be ensured, supplementation before the end of the second trimester protects the fetal brain from the effect of deficiency.
It is important in more than 300 chemical reactions that keep the body working properly including: energy production, protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function. The full-term fetus accumulates 1 g of magnesium during gestation. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy reduces the incidence of PET (pre-eclamptic toxemia), edema and leg cramps.
Thyroid function depends on selenium; it catalyzes the conversion of the prohormone thyroxine (T4) to the active form of triiodothyronine (T3). Selenium also protects cells against oxidative stress-induced pro-inflammatory gene expression.
CoQ-10 is a vitamin-like substance from ubiquinone family found throughout the body in every cell mitochondria where it is needed to generate energy in form of ATP. It involves in electron transport and energy production. It is a fat soluble antioxidant that helps stabilize cell membranes, preserving cellular integrity and function. It has immune stimulant activity. Supplementation with co-enzyme Q10, in second and three trimesters may reduce the risk of developing pre-eclampsia in women at risk for condition.
|Amount per tablet||RDA%||UL|
|Vitamin B1||1.5 mg||>100||ND|
|Vitamin B2||1.5 mg||>100||ND|
|Vitamin B3||20 mg||>100||35 mg|
|Vitamin B5||5 mg||83||ND|
|Vitamin B6||50 mg||>100||100 mg|
|Vitamin C||500 mg||>100||2000 mg|
|Vitamin E||50 IU||>100||1210 IU|
|Vitamin D3||400 IU||67||4000 IU|
|Ca (Calcium carbonate)||200 mg||20||2500 mg|
|Zn (Zinc gluconate )||15 mg||>100||40 mg|
|Mg (Magnesium oxide)||200 mg||55||350 mg|
|Se (Selenomethionine)||80 mcg||>100||400 mcg|
|Iodine(Potassium iodide)||150 mcg||68||1100 mcg|
30 Film Coated tablets
Take one tablet daily with meal.
No contraindications have been reported to date
Pregnancy and Lactation:
Pregnant or lactating women should consult a physician before using.
No interaction with other medicinal products has been reported to date.
No adverse effects have been reported to date.
Always read the label and use only as directed.
Keep out of reach of children.
Keep in a cool (below 25°C) and dry place, away from direct sunlight